Share via Email To shine a light across the darkness of centuries, to peer into your own distant heritage, is an extraordinary concept. Yet this is exactly what Len Garrison did last month when a remarkable survey told him something more than the fact that he hailed from Jamaica. Analysis of his DNA, taken with that of other black men and women living in Britain, revealed a startling secret:
Diva of the Devonian I am going to start this essay with what may seem to many as an outrageous assertion: There is no such thing as a biological entity that warrants the term "race.
The physician will retort, "What do you Race is only skin deep 'there is no such thing as race'? I see it in my practice everyday! Note carefully, however, that my opening declaration did not claim that "there is no such thing as race. Given the tenor of our times at the dawn of the new millennium, some have suggested that my position is based mainly on the perception of the social inequities that have accompanied the classification of people into "races.
First, it is perfectly true that the long-term residents of the various parts of the world have patterns of features that we can easily identify as characteristic of the areas from which they come.
It should be added that they have to have resided in those places for a couple of hundred thousand Race is only skin deep before their regional patterns became established. Well, you may ask, why can't we call those regional patterns "races"?
In fact, we can and do, but it does not make them coherent biological entities. To this day, few have actually made the observations and done the calculations that led those Renaissance scholars to challenge the universal perception that the sun sets in the evening to rise again at the dawn.
It was just a matter of common sense to believe that the sun revolves around the Earth, just as it was common sense to "know" that the Earth was flat. Our beliefs concerning "race" are based on the same sort of common sense, and they are just as basically wrong.
Despite the obvious physical differences apparent in these photos, if you traveled south on foot from Scandinavia to Egypt and on to Kenya, you would find a subtle range of gradations in looks such that racial differences are hard to see, Brace says.
What we know of the characteristics of the various regions of the world we have largely gained vicariously and in misleadingly spotty fashion. Pictures and the television camera tell us that the people of Oslo in Norway, Cairo in Egypt, and Nairobi in Kenya look very different.
And when we actually meet natives of those separate places, which can indeed happen, we can see representations of those differences at first hand. But if one were to walk up beside the Nile from Cairo, across the Tropic of Cancer to Khartoum in the Sudan and on to Nairobi, there would be no visible boundary between one people and another.
The same thing would be true if one were to walk north from Cairo, through the Caucasus, and on up into Russia, eventually swinging west across the northern end of the Baltic Sea to Scandinavia. The people at any adjacent stops along the way look like one another more than they look like anyone else since, after all, they are related to one another.
As a rule, the boy marries the girl next door throughout the whole world, but next door goes on without stop from one region to another.
Jan 22, · The "race is only skin colour" meme is the cornerstone of the egalitarian liberal's world view. Successfully attack that and their whole belief system comes crashing own. Successfully attack that and their whole belief system comes crashing own. Is race more than just skin color difference? Originally Answered: Is race really only skin-deep? Yes, and no. In a genetic/biological sense, race is not even skin deep. There are more genetic variations within a "race" than there are between races. Thus, race is biologically a meaningless term. The village of Cheddar in southwest England began producing its famous cheese at least years ago. Caves near the village provided the ideal temperature and humidity for maturing that uniquely.
We realize that in the extremes of our transit—Moscow to Nairobi, perhaps—there is a major but gradual change in skin color from what we euphemistically call white to black, and that this is related to the latitudinal difference in the intensity of the ultraviolet component of sunlight.
What we do not see, however, is the myriad other traits that are distributed in a fashion quite unrelated to the intensity of ultraviolet radiation. Where skin color is concerned, all the northern populations of the Old World are lighter than the long-term inhabitants near the equator.
Although Europeans and Chinese are obviously different, in skin color they are closer to each other than either is to equatorial Africans. But if we test the distribution of the widely known ABO blood-group system, then Europeans and Africans are closer to each other than either is to Chinese.
While in skin color Europeans and Chinese are closer to each other than either is to Africans, the distribution of blood groups indicates that Europeans and Africans are closer to each other than either is to Chinese.
Its distribution includes southern Italy, the eastern Mediterranean, parts of the Middle East, and over into India.
In fact, it represents a kind of adaptation that aids survival in the face of a particular kind of malaria, and wherever that malaria is a prominent threat, sickle-cell anemia tends to occur in higher frequencies. It would appear that the gene that controls that trait was introduced to sub-Saharan Africa by traders from those parts of the Middle East where it had arisen in conjunction with the conditions created by the early development of agriculture.
Every time we plot the distribution of a trait possessing a survival value that is greater under some circumstances than under others, it will have a different pattern of geographical variation, and no two such patterns will coincide.
Nose form, tooth size, relative arm and leg length, and a whole series of other traits are distributed each in accordance with its particular controlling selective force. The gradient of the distribution of each is called a "cline" and those clines are completely independent of one another.
This is what lies behind the aphorism, "There are no races, there are only clines. What we are seeing, however, is a pattern of features derived from common ancestry in the area in question, and these are largely without different survival value.So a while back I asked a question about biology and crime (about racial differences) and it appears to me that many people on here believe the statement that race is only skin deep.
I have also seen this thought process a lot. Humans have tried for centuries to define, explain and rationalize racial categories with scientific, anthropological and personal experience influencing the end results.
Jan 22, · The "race is only skin colour" meme is the cornerstone of the egalitarian liberal's world view. Successfully attack that and their whole belief system comes crashing own. Successfully attack that and their whole belief system comes crashing own.
Only skin deep? Re-examining the business case for diversity age, race, religion, disability, national origin and sexual orientation. It also includes an infinite range of Re-examining the business case for diversity 7.
The case for diversity: the big picture and. Biologically, Race is Really Only Skin Deep Written by Cathy Cassata on August 30, Decades of research has shown the lack of genetic difference between racial and ethnic groups.
The village of Cheddar in southwest England began producing its famous cheese at least years ago. Caves near the village provided the ideal temperature and humidity for maturing that uniquely.