Dutch painters Who Was She? Maria Vermeer, Magdalena van Ruijven or Griet? Even though the young girl who has looked over her shoulder at viewers for more that years cannot be objectively identified, scholars and laymen alike have often speculated who she may have been. She holds no attributes that might, for example, identify her as an allegorical figure, perhaps a muse or a sibyl.
Dutch painters Who Was She? Maria Vermeer, Magdalena van Ruijven or Griet? Even though the young girl who has looked over her shoulder at viewers for more that years cannot be objectively identified, scholars and laymen alike have often speculated who she may have been.
She holds no attributes that might, for example, identify her as an allegorical figure, perhaps a muse or a sibyl. Almost certainly, it is this very lack of a historic or iconographic framework that conveys such immediacy to all who view her. One modern critic went so far as to state that Vermeer seems to have lost his patience while painting faces and treated them as if they were still-lives.
Gerard ter Borch, a fellow Dutch artist whose subjects and refined technique are believed to have influenced the younger Vermeer, frequently employed members of his own family as models, in particular his step-sister Gesina.
The economic advantage of having ones relative pose for long hours would be obvious. One critic remarked that "only a father can paint such portraits. Van Ruijven acquired these painting directly from Vermeer himself.
A portrait is not just a likeness of an individual to be preserved for posterity; it was also an image of pride, a projection of social position. Delft connoisseurs had largely conservative tastes and there is no evidence that would suggest that Van Ruijven was an exception to this rule.
Even if the Girl with a Pearl Earring was once owned by Van Ruijven, he may have simply acquired it for his own enjoyment, regardless of who had posed for the painting.
In the seventeenth century there was an avid market for tronies, which were considered a separate genre although for an artist they also served as a storehouse of facial types and expressions for figures in history paintings.
The idea that Vermeer employed a maid as the sitter has been aired in recent fictional literature.
There exists absolutely no historical evidence that supports this idea. She was portrayed as a very unpleasant individual. She was a model for a lot of his work. Indeed, it was thought to be a source of artistic aspiration. They had 15 children 4 of them did not survive infancy a rare occurrence in seventeenth-century Netherlands where most couples had only two or three children.
While the burden of so many children may have certainly made itself felt, their choice to have an unusually large family must have been reached together since Dutch couples who desired so evidently managed to keep their families within limits.
Simon Schama has shown family planning was avidly practiced by the seventeenth-century Dutchmen, Catholics included.
Unfortunately, archival documents indicate quite clearly that Catharina had suffered a great deal before her marriage and after the death of Johannes. Moreover, her childhood memories was full of violence, fits of temper and tears. She in turn sent several petitions to the magistrates, at Gouda in an effort to secure a judicial separation.
The sparring between husband and wife divided the Bolnes family into partisan camps: Willem also attacked his sister Catharina, threatening on a number of occasions to beat her with a stick, although she was in the last stages of pregnancy. Johannes died leaving her an enormous debt and numerous children to care for with no one to help except for her mother Maria Thins.
Obviously, is now difficult to understand why one would desire a family of a dozen or more children or how an artist might be able to withstand and even prosper creatively under such a burden.
But it is well known that artists have produced their masterworks in an extremely wide variety of circumstances. The Girl in The Art of Painting? His pictures are always pervaded by a discreet classicism and his pondered rendering tends to generalize both animate and inanimate objects and purge them of excess individual personality.
The above image of the young woman who poses in The Art of Painting has been slightly altered to permit a more accurate comparison of likeness. The background to the left side of her face has been darkened and the head has been tilted a few degrees to the right.Girl With a Pearl Earring Questions and Answers.
The Question and Answer section for Girl With a Pearl Earring is a great resource to ask . The Girl With a Pearl Earring study guide contains a biography of Tracy Chevalier, quiz questions, a glossary, major themes, a list of characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Maria Thins, and her maid Tanneke. Griet is tasked with a great deal of work, and there are also immediate interpersonal tensions. Girl With A Pearl Earring Quotes study guide by clairesmart includes 35 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Girl with a Pearl Earring tells the story behind the advent of this famous painting, all the while depicting life in 17th century Delft, a small Dutch city with a burgeoning art community.
The novel centers on Griet, the Protestant daughter of a Delft tile painter who lost his sight in a kiln accident. Discuss the ways religion affected Griet's relationship with Vermeer. His wife?
Maria Thins? 5. Maria Thins obviously understood Vermeer's art more than his wife did. Why do you think this was the case?
Though Girl with a Pearl Earring appears to be about one man and woman, there are several relationships at work.
Which is the most. Girl with a Pearl Earring is a romantic drama film directed by Peter Webber. In contrast, Vermeer's pragmatic mother-in-law, Maria Thins (Judy Parfitt), sees Griet as useful to Vermeer's career.
spurred on by Van Ruijven's deliberate suggestions of an improper relationship between Vermeer and the young maid. A conflicted Griet must Screenplay by: Olivia Hetreed.