Identify and discuss task-related group roles and behaviors. Identify and discuss maintenance group roles and behaviors.
Identify and discuss task-related group roles and behaviors. Identify and discuss maintenance group roles and behaviors. Identify and discuss negative group roles and behaviors.
Just as leaders have been long studied as a part of group communication research, so too have group member roles. Group roles are more dynamic than leadership roles in that a role can Function roles of group member formal or informal and played by more than one group member.
Additionally, one group member may exhibit various role behaviors within a single group meeting or play a few consistent roles over the course of his or her involvement with a group.
Group communication scholars have cautioned us to not always think of these roles as neatly bounded all-inclusive categories. After all, we all play multiple roles within a group and must draw on multiple communication behaviors in order to successfully play them.
When someone continually exhibits a particular behavior, it may be labeled as a role, but even isolated behaviors can impact group functioning.
In this section, we will discuss the three categories of common group roles that were identified by early group communication scholars. These role categories include task-related roles, maintenance roles, and individual roles that are self-centered or unproductive for the group.
Task-related roles typically serve leadership, informational, or procedural functions. In this section we will discuss the following roles and behaviors: Cragan and David W. Wright, Communication in Small Group Discussions: An Integrated Approach, 3rd ed.
West Publishing, This person may be a designated or emergent leader, but in either case, task leaders tend to talk more during group interactions than other group members and also tend to do more work in the group. Depending on the number of tasks a group has, there may be more than one task leader, especially if the tasks require different sets of skills or knowledge.
Because of the added responsibilities of being a task leader, people in these roles may experience higher levels of stress. Task-leader behaviors can be further divided into two types: Frey Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, The procedural leader is the person who gives the most guidance, perhaps following up on the ideas generated by the substantive leader.
A skilled and experienced task leader may be able to perform both of these roles, but when the roles are filled by two different people, the person considered the procedural leader is more likely than the substantive leader to be viewed by members as the overall group leader.
Maybe we should switch gears so we can get something concrete done tonight. So the expediter helps make order out of chaos by calling the food out to the kitchen in a particular order that logically works so that all the food will come up at the same time.
Expediting in a restaurant and in a small group is like a dance that requires some flexible and creative thinking and an ability to stick to a time frame and assess progress. To avoid the perception that group members are being rushed, a skilled expediter can demonstrate good active-listening skills by paraphrasing what has been discussed and summarizing what has been accomplished in such a way that makes it easier for group members to see the need to move on.
Information Provider The role of information provider A role that includes behaviors that are more evenly shared than in other roles, as ideally, all group members present new ideas, initiate discussions of new topics, and contribute their own relevant knowledge and experiences.
When group members are brought together because they each have different types of information, early group meetings may consist of group members taking turns briefing each other on their area of expertise.
In other situations, only one person in the group may be chosen because of his or her specialized knowledge and this person may be expected to be the primary information provider for all other group members. For example, I was asked to serve on a university committee that is reviewing our undergraduate learning goals.
The information sought may include factual information or group member opinions. In general, information seekers ask questions for clarification, but they can also ask questions that help provide an important evaluative function.
Most groups could benefit from more critically oriented information-seeking behaviors. As our discussion of groupthink notes, critical questioning helps increase the quality of ideas and group outcomes and helps avoid groupthink. When information seeking or questioning occurs as a result of poor listening skills, it risks negatively impacting the group.If a group is to reach and maintain high productivity, its members must provide for meeting two kinds of needs: what it takes to do the job, task roles, and what it takes to strengthen and maintain the group.
There are some negative roles in group communication that do not primarily function to divert attention away from the group’s task to a specific group member. Instead, these unproductive roles Negative group roles that prevent or make it more difficult for the group to make progress.
The Problem of Member Role Requiredness Identification of group task roles and of group building and maintenance roles which do actually function in processes of group discussion raises but does not answer the further question of what roles are required for “optimum” group growth and productivity.
has frequently stereotyped the member into 5/5(1). Functional Roles of Group Members. Task Roles 1. Initiator/Contributor Contributes ideas and suggestions; proposes solutions and decisions; proposes new ideas or states old ideas in a novel fashion. The roles and responsibilities of the leader or facilitator and the individual members working within the group or team are examined.
The word 'role' refers to how a person will behave and what function they will perform within the group as a whole. Hindering roles refer to actions of individuals that hinder the group's process and progress.
Dominating Behavior: Asserting authority or superiority to manipulate the group or certain members; interrupting contributions .