Remember to reflect in-depth, provide a clear context for each quotation explain what is going on and who is talking before each quotationand stay focused avoid jumping around between points.
Odysseus fought among the other Greek heroes at Troy and now struggles to return to his kingdom in Ithaca. Odysseus is the husband of Queen Penelope and the father of Prince Telemachus. Though a strong and courageous warrior, he is most renowned for his cunning.
He is a favorite of the goddess Athena, who often sends him divine aid, but a bitter enemy of Poseidon, who frustrates his journey at every turn. Read an in-depth analysis of Odysseus. An infant when Odysseus left for Troy, Telemachus is about twenty at the beginning of the story.
He is a natural obstacle to the suitors desperately courting his mother, but despite his courage and good heart, he initially lacks the poise and confidence to oppose them.
His maturation, especially during his trip to Pylos and Sparta in Books 3 and 4, provides a subplot to the epic. Athena often assists him. Read an in-depth analysis of Telemachus. Penelope spends her days in the palace pining for the husband who left for Troy twenty years earlier and never returned.
Homer portrays her as sometimes flighty and excitable but also clever and steadfastly true to her husband. Read an in-depth analysis of Penelope. Athena assists Odysseus and Telemachus with divine powers throughout the epic, and she speaks up for them in the councils of the gods on Mount Olympus.
She often appears in disguise as Mentor, an old friend of Odysseus. Read an in-depth analysis of Athena. He despises Odysseus for blinding his son, the Cyclops Polyphemus, and constantly hampers his journey home. Ironically, Poseidon is the patron of the seafaring Phaeacians, who ultimately help to return Odysseus to Ithaca.
He sometimes helps Odysseus or permits Athena to do the same.
Antinous leads the campaign to have Telemachus killed. Unlike the other suitors, he is never portrayed sympathetically, and he is the first to die when Odysseus returns. Amphinomus sometimes speaks up for Odysseus and Telemachus, but he is killed like the rest of the suitors in the final fight.
Even though he does not know that the vagabond who appears at his hut is Odysseus, Eumaeus gives the man food and shelter. Eurycleia is well informed about palace intrigues and serves as confidante to her masters. Like her brother, Melantho abuses the beggar in the palace, not knowing that the man is Odysseus.
She is having an affair with Eurymachus. Calypso holds him prisoner there for seven years until Hermes, the messenger god, persuades her to let him go. Polyphemus imprisons Odysseus and his crew and tries to eat them, but Odysseus blinds him through a clever ruse and manages to escape.
Tiresias meets Odysseus when Odysseus journeys to the underworld in Book He shows Odysseus how to get back to Ithaca and allows Odysseus to communicate with the other souls in Hades. Like Odysseus, Nestor is known as a clever speaker. He offers Telemachus assistance in his quest to find Odysseus when Telemachus visits him in Book 4.
Her beauty is without parallel, but she is criticized for giving in to her Trojan captors and thereby costing many Greek men their lives. She offers Telemachus assistance in his quest to find his father.SAGA: The word comes from the Old Norse term for a "saw" or a "saying."Sagas are Scandinavian and Icelandic prose narratives about famous historical heroes, notable .
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