Abstract Involvement in warfare can have dramatic consequences for the mental health and well-being of military personnel. During the 20th century, US military psychiatrists tried to deal with these consequences while contributing to the military goal of preserving manpower and reducing the debilitating impact of psychiatric syndromes by implementing screening programs to detect factors that predispose individuals to mental disorders, providing early intervention strategies for acute war-related syndromes, and treating long-term psychiatric disability after deployment.
For almost a century and a half, America was merely a group of colonies scattered along the eastern seaboard of the North American continent—colonies from which a few hardy souls tentatively ventured westward.
After a successful rebellion against the motherland, America became the United States, a nation. By the end of the 19th century this nation extended southward to the Gulf of Mexiconorthward to the 49th parallel, and westward to the Pacific.
By the end of the 19th century, too, it had taken its place among the powers of the world—its fortunes so interrelated with those of other nations that inevitably it became involved in two world wars and, following these conflicts, with the problems of Europe and East Asia.
All these factors in the development of the United States molded the literature of the country.
This article traces the history of American poetrydramafictionand social and literary criticism from the early 17th century through the turn of the 21st century. For a description of the oral and written literatures of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, see Native American literature.
Though the contributions of African Americans to American literature are discussed in this article, see African American literature for in-depth treatment.
For information about literary traditions related to, and at times overlapping with, American literature in English, see English literature and Canadian literature: Canadian literature in English.
Page 1 of Defense spending exceeded 10 percent of GDP for one year in the 19th century and 19 years in the 20th century.
The last year in which defense spending hit 10 percent of GDP was at the height of the Vietnam War. The peak of defense spending during the Iraq conflict was percent GDP in Analysis; Features; The Magazine; Channels. and thrust the United States into World War II, the war on terror, and the war in Iraq.
On Jan. 31, , during the Tet holiday in Vietnam. ID-8 Explain how civil rights activism in the 20th century affected the growth of African American and other identity-based political and social movements.
With the 21st century on the horizon, the United States military can be expected to provide continuing opportunity for Native American men and women. For their part, Native Americans can be expected to carry on their centuries-old warrior tradition- serving with pride, courage, and distinction. The Cold War brought about changes to the presidency of the United States. Internal and external forces influenced those changes. Internally, Truman's hard-line stand against Stalin put enough pressure on his administration to affect many presidential acts. The Cold War so strongly influenced our domestic politics, the conduct of foreign affairs, and the role of the government in the economy after that it is obligatory for students to examine its origins and the forces behind its continuation into the late 20th century.
change in the lives of women in the United States during the twentieth century. () Vietnam War and/or Counterculture (ss). For an excellent overview of the role of psychoanalysts during and after World War II, see Nathan G. Hale, Freud and the Americans, – The Rise and Crisis of Psychoanalysis in the United States (New York: Oxford .
With the 21st century on the horizon, the United States military can be expected to provide continuing opportunity for Native American men and women.
For their part, Native Americans can be expected to carry on their centuries-old warrior tradition- serving with pride, courage, and distinction.
With the end of World War II, the United States and its one-time ally, the Soviet Union, clashed over the reorganization of the postwar world. Each perceived the other as a significant threat to its national security, its institutions, and its influence over the globe.