Buddhism is a religion to about million people around the world.
Norman,  bodhi was at first not specified. It is not at all clear what gaining bodhi means. We are accustomed to the translation "enlightenment" for bodhi, but this is misleading It is not clear what the buddha was awakened to, or at what particular point the awakening came.
The attainment of this insight is often seen as the attainment of "enlightenment". Satori Japanese is often used interchangeably with kensho, but refers to the experience of kensho.
East-Asian Chinese Buddhism emphasizes insight into Buddha-nature. This term is derived from Indian tathagata-garbha thought, "the womb of the thus-gone" the Buddhathe inherent potential of every sentient being to become a Buddha.
Buddha-nature came to mean both the potential of awakening and the whole of reality, a dynamic interpenetration of absolute and relative. In this awakening it is realized that observer and observed are not distinct entities, but mutually co-dependent.
The Mahasaccaka Sutta [note 2] describes the three knowledges which the Buddha attained: The way to Buddhahood is somewhat differently understood in the various buddhist traditions.
The sutra then only says that he attained Nibbana. There-after he remembered a spontaneous state of jhana, and set out for jhana-practice. After destroying the disturbances of the mindand attaining concentration of the mindhe attained three knowledges vidhya: Whereas originally it may not have been specified, later on the four truths served as such, to be superseded by pratityasamutpada, and still later, in the Hinayana schools, by the doctrine of the non-existence of a substantial self or person.
Full awakening is reached in four stages. However, in some Zen traditions this perfection came to be relativized again; according to one contemporary Zen master, "Shakyamuni buddha and Bodhidharma are still practicing.
Nichiren Buddhism regards Buddhahood as a state of perfect freedom, in which one is awakened to the eternal and ultimate truth that is the reality of all things.
This supreme state of life is characterized by boundless wisdom and infinite compassion. The Lotus Sutra reveals that Buddhahood is a potential in the lives of all beings. Buddhist modernismTranscendentalismand Perennial philosophy In the western world the concept of enlightenment has taken on a romantic meaning.
In fact there are more resemblances with Romanticism than with the Enlightenment: Historians and theologians identify three or four waves of increased religious enthusiasm occurring between the early 18th century and the late 19th century.
Each of these "Great Awakenings" was characterized by widespread revivals led by evangelical Protestant ministers, a sharp increase of interest in religion, a profound sense of conviction and redemption on the part of those affected, an increase in evangelical church membership, and the formation of new religious movements and denominations.
Romanticism and transcendentalism[ edit ] The romantic idea of enlightenment as insight into a timeless, transcendent reality has been popularized especially by D. This notion can be traced back to William Jameswho used the term "religious experience" in his book, The Varieties of Religious Experience.
Schleiermacher used the notion of "religious experience" to defend religion against the growing scientific and secular critique.
It was popularised by the Transcendentalistsand exported to Asia via missionaries. It is fundamentally a variety of diverse sources such as Hindu texts like the Vedasthe Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita various religions, and German idealism.
In Sri Lanka and Japan different days are used for this celebration. This is celebrated at Wesak Poyathe full moon in May, as Sambuddhatva jayanthi also known as Sambuddha jayanthi.Jackie McGlynn Religion 3/14/01 Work out your own salvation through diligence.
To be diligent is to work carefully and assiduously.
It is to do a good job, but more importantly, it is to pay close attention to the details along the way. The quote above assumes an obvious Buddhist belief: th. Enlightenment is not something that benefits “you” or “me.” It is the absence of the illusion of there being a “you” or “me” to benefit.
Enlightenment is held up as the ultimate goal of Buddhism, but ironically it is only when the concept of being a “someone” who could achieve anything is abandoned that enlightenment naturally occurs.
Robert S. Cohen notes that the majority of English books on Buddhism use the term "enlightenment" to translate the term bodhi.
The root budh, from which both bodhi and Buddha are derived, means "to wake up" or "to recover consciousness". This makes Buddhism less of a fixed package of beliefs which is to be accepted in its entirety, and more of a teaching which each person learns and uses in their own way.
Prepared by Brian White , with thanks to Ven S. Dhammika.
From this time onward, Buddhism has consisted of both a popular system of saint-worship and an esoteric system of psychological methods to achieve enlightenment.
Buddhism is a family of beliefs and practices thought by by most to be a religion and is formed upon the teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, known as "The Buddha" (the Awakened One), who was born in the country that is today Nepal He taught in the northeastern region of .