A proposal of an off grid electrification using renewable energy to address the lack of energy in et

Canada[ edit ] The Ontario Energy Board in OntarioCanada has worked to define the technology [32] and develop the regulatory framework for its implementation.

A proposal of an off grid electrification using renewable energy to address the lack of energy in et

Posted on September 20, by Roger Andrews Hinkley still scores on reliability and low carbon ….

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As for the argument that we must pay up for reliable baseload supplies, there ought to be limits to how far it can be pushed. A nuclear premium of some level might be justified, but Hinkley lives in a financial world of its own, even before battery technology possibly shifts the economics further in favour of renewables ….

Thus spake the Guardian in a recent article entitled Hinkley nuclear power is being priced out by renewables.

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What the Guardian says is, of course, nonsense. Barring Acts of God baseload nuclear is there all the time; wind is there only when the wind blows. It prices wind totally out of the market instead.

N0 project cost is given for Hornsea Project 2. The locations of Moray and Hornsea are shown below: To conduct an analysis we have to estimate how much storage will be needed to convert the wind generation from Hornsea and Moray into baseload generation, and to do this we need to know what wind output from these wind farms will be.

The results are shown in Figure 1: However, the wind blew less strongly in the second half and died away almost to nothing on the 21st and 22nd.

The next step was to convert the spiky wind output into baseload, which requires that surplus generation during windy periods be stored for re-use during deficit periods so that the generation curve comes out flat.

Surpluses and deficits were quantified relative to an MW threshold, which is the amount of continuous baseline power Hornsea generates when generation is flat-lined.

Figure 2 shows wind generation surpluses and deficits relative to this threshold: Hourly wind generation surpluses and deficits relative to MW of constant baseload output, January How much storage, which according to the Guardian will be supplied by batteries, will be needed to flatten out these surpluses and deficits?

A proposal of an off grid electrification using renewable energy to address the lack of energy in et

I estimated this in two ways. First I simply accumulated the surpluses and deficits, starting with the batteries discharged, and came up with the battery charge status plot shown in Figure 3. Driven by the generation surpluses in the first half of the month the batteries charge up, reaching a maximum capacity of 95, MWh on January The resulting battery charge status plot is shown in Figure 4.

Hornsea hourly battery charge status based on Rutledge storage balance algorithm, January Beginning with the batteries fully charged, however, creates a complication.

Figure 5 shows the impacts.

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Hourly wind generation sent to grid and curtailed based on Rutledge algorithm, Hornsea, January How to handle this complication? Because as we shall shortly see the impacts of the added cost of battery storage on the strike price are so large that even crude approximations are meaningful.

Now to economics, and another approximation. Here I assume that effectively all of these costs come from debt service, meaning that there will be a direct relationship between the strike price and the initial investment. When we do this for Hornsea this is what we get: The strike price increases in proportion to the increase in total investment, i.A comparison of energy costs on a levelized basis shows that generating off-grid electricity using renewable energy could be cheaper than the conventional diesel option.

The integration of multiple accessible renewable energy sources would enhance the system and provide clean and renewable electricity for rural residents.

Get up-to-the-minute environmentally-friendly (or egregiously unfriendly) car news, reviews, high-quality photos and commentary about living green.

Combating energy poverty in Africa: Addressing barriers to off-grid electrification (The Botswana and Namibia experience). This commentary is the beginning of an effort to better measure governance, which at this point will amount to nothing more than an elaboration of the issue's .

"The first step toward increasing revenue and increasing profitability is increasing communication and increasing the flow of ideas, and at the same time creating a sense of urgency so that when somebody comes up with an idea, it doesn't get buried.".

The U.S. vehicle market will undergo a massive technology disruption from electric vehicles in the coming decades. Many analysts see the potential for surging sales of these efficient vehicles to enable smart grid management, but few have explored the local impact of electric vehicles: promoting energy democracy.

A proposal of an off grid electrification using renewable energy to address the lack of energy in et

Electric vehicles offer a natural use for solar energy, a pathway to pump more.

EIA’s Electric Power Monthly – October Edition with data for August » Peak Oil Barrel